The Climate change is decided by HY-Hydrogen in Africa. This was revealed by Development Minister Müller to traveling journalists in 2019 on the flight to the UN Climate Summit in New York. In his book, which followed a few months later, he then makes it clear that he intends to prevent the construction of hundreds of already planned coal-fired power plants in Africa in order to decouple economic growth and CO2 consumption there.
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In his deliberations, the minister refers to the DESERTEC project founded in 2009 with German participation. The original aim was to produce inexpensive, climate-neutral electricity in huge solar parks in the Sahara and in the Arabian desert, as well as in wind farms in countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea in North Africa. This clean HY Africa energy should then reach Europe via cables in the Mediterranean, but also benefit the surrounding countries and give their economies such a strong boost that the incentive for people there to migrate to Europe would be removed.
Since 2009, awareness of the need to halt climate change and its consequences has increased enormously in society and politics worldwide. Spectacular forest fires, floods, droughts have contributed to this, as has the rapid rise of the Greens as a political force, the unmistakable warnings about climate change from the scientific community – thanks in part to organizations such as Fridays for Future – and the fact that recent years have seen many encouraging technological advances in the utilization of climate-neutral electricity. In addition: More and more citizens in affluent countries are accepting that saving the climate also requires rising prices for green energy. All this, and above all the adoption of the topic by politicians, in turn strengthens the willingness of companies to use venture capital to advance research into marketable concepts in the field of production, storage, sales and transport of climate-neutral HY Africa energy.
HY AFRICA and DESERTEC as reference projects
On this basis, Minister Müller is now encouraging German companies to “open up a future market in Africa with innovative energy and climate protection projects” – to the benefit of all concerned. He is helped in this by the fact that HY DESERTEC now also uses electricity from solar and wind power to produce climate-neutral hydrogen. This is not only an energy carrier itself, but also a starting product for derivatives such as green methanol, green gasoline and other green energy carriers that are needed all over the world to replace fossil fuels and thus reduce CO2 emissions. So that the global temperature rise, as agreed in Paris in 2015, remains at least well below 2°.
However, the production of green energy sources requires the use of large amounts of HY green electricity. This is because energy sources can only claim to be green if the entire production process is climate-neutral. To illustrate: To produce 1 kilogram of hydrogen from water by means of electrolysis requires about 55 kilowatt hours of electricity. In Europe, however, the climate-neutral electricity required for this cannot be produced in sufficient quantities over the course of a year under economically justifiable conditions. This would be necessary, however, if an energy and traffic turnaround is to come about. In addition, the production costs per kilowatt hour would be comparatively high. This is where Africa’s decisive competitive advantage comes into play: Hydrogen production costs with HY Africa can be limited to two euro cents per kilowatt hour. Nor can they be higher if the green energy sources are to find customers worldwide in such large quantities as to bring about a real shift away from fossil energy.
In connection with the production of hydrogen in North Africa, Müller is particularly interested in its conversion into methanol. This is because CO2 is needed in the process. This can be captured from major polluters such as cement factories, steel mills or even coal-fired power plants and used as a raw material. The climate killer CO2 would then become a climate saver!
HY Africa for the whole of continent
Anyone who follows the news cannot help but notice that research and business are in the process of conquering the climate-neutral cosmos. Here are some recent examples:
Snam explains in a ZEIT interview at the beginning of 2021 that he wants to establish hydrogen as a fuel as well as an energy carrier for heating or for industry, e.g. also the steel industry. For this purpose, hydrogen will also be imported from Africa.
- Airbus CEO announces in 2020 that the company “aims to be ready to launch a green HY hydrogen-powered aircraft by 2035.”
- Hamburg announces January 2021 that one of the largest HY hydrogen electrolysis plants in Europe will be built in its port.
- The CEO of the Italian energy company and largest European gas grid operator
Reports of this kind appear in the media almost daily. But even if Snam can realize its plan to introduce 1-2% HY Africa hydrogen into its European gas network, the demand for this energy carrier would increase enormously. As a result, the construction and operation of further electrolysis plants could pay off, also because their production costs and those for hydrogen would fall. This could give the hydrogen economy a further boost. A positive spiral would be triggered.